new exterior walla invention

Green wall - WikipediaIt provides insulation to keep the building's inside temperature consistent. It is useful to distinguish green walls from green facades. Green walls have growing media supported on the face of the wall (as described below), while green facades have soil only at the base of the wall (in a container or in ground) and support climbing plants on the face of the wall to create the green, or vegetated, facade. Green walls may be indoors or outside, freestanding or attached to an existing wall, and ...

Roughcast - WikipediaRoughcast or pebbledash is a coarse plaster surface used on outside walls that consists of lime and sometimes cement mixed with sand, small gravel, and often pebbles or shells. The materials are mixed into a slurry and are then thrown at the working surface with a trowel or scoop. The idea is to maintain an even spread, free from lumps, ridges or runs and without missing any background. Roughcasting incorporates the stones in the mix, whereas pebbledashing adds them on top.

Wall stud - WikipediaStuds form walls and may carry vertical structural loads or be non load-bearing such as in partition walls which only separate spaces. They hold in place the windows, doors, interior finish, exterior sheathing or siding, insulation and utilities and help give shape to a building. Studs run from sill plate to wall plate. In modern construction studs are fastened to the plates in a way, such as using ties, to prevent the building from being lifted off the foundation by severe wind or earthquake.

Plasterwork - WikipediaPlasterwork refers to construction or ornamentation done with plaster, such as a layer of plaster on an interior or exterior wall structure, or plaster decorative moldings on ceilings or walls. This is also sometimes called pargeting. The process of creating plasterwork, called plastering or rendering, has been used in building construction for centuries. For the art history of three-dimensional plaster, see stucco.

Fireplace - WikipediaA fireplace may have the following: a foundation, a hearth, a firebox, a mantelpiece; a chimney crane (used in kitchen and laundry fireplaces), a grate, a lintel, a lintel bar, overmantel, a damper, a smoke chamber, a throat, and a flue. On the exterior there is often a corbeled brick crown, in which the projecting courses of brick act as a drip course to keep rainwater from running down the exterior walls. A cap, hood, or shroud serves to keep rainwater out of the exterior of the chimney; rain ...

Wall - WikipediaA wall is a structure that defines an area, carries a load, or provides shelter or security. There are many kinds of walls: Defensive walls in fortification; Walls in buildings that form a fundamental part of the superstructure or separate interior sections, sometimes for fire safety · Retaining walls, which hold back dirt, stone, water, or noise sound; Walls that protect from oceans (seawalls or rivers levees); Permanent, solid fences · Border barriers between countries; Brick wall; Precast ...

Adobe - WikipediaAtop the last courses of brick, bond beams made of heavy wood beams or modern reinforced concrete are laid to provide a horizontal bearing plate for the roof beams and to redistribute lateral earthquake loads to shear walls more able to carry the forces. To protect the interior and exterior adobe walls, finishes such as mud plaster, whitewash or stucco can be applied. These protect the adobe wall from water damage, but need to be reapplied periodically. Alternatively, the walls can be ...

Housewrap - WikipediaHousewrap (or house wrap) generally denotes a synthetic material used to protect buildings. Housewrap functions as a weather-resistant barrier, preventing rain from getting into the wall assembly while allowing water vapor to pass to the exterior. If moisture from either direction is allowed to build up within stud or cavity walls, mold and rot can set in and fiberglass or cellulose insulation will lose its R-value due to heat-conducting moisture. House wrap may also serve as an air barrier if ...

Exterior insulation finishing system - Wikipediaexterior insulation and finish system (EIFS) is a general class of non-load bearing building cladding systems that provides exterior walls with an insulated, water-resistant, finished surface in an integrated composite material system. In Europe, systems similar to EIFS are known as External Wall Insulation System (EWIS) and External Thermal Insulation Cladding System (ETICS). EIFS has been in use since the 1960s in North America, first on masonry buildings, but since the 1990s the ...

history of paint - Shearer PaintingA few centuries later, in the 1600s, new processes and technology revolutionized house paint. In modern ... Marshall Smith invented a Machine or Engine for the Grinding of Colours in 1718, and while we don't know what it looked like or how it worked, the device sparked a countrywide interest in grinding pigment more efficiently. In 1741, the ... Instead of just prettying up exterior walls, paint made plaster and sheetrock walls washable and kept wood from rotting or drying out. In 1866 ...

Siding - WikipediaSiding or wall cladding is the protective material attached to the exterior side of a wall of a house or other building. Along with the roof, it forms the first line of defense against the elements, most importantly sun, rain/snow, heat and cold, thus creating a stable, more comfortable environment on the interior side. The siding material and style also can enhance or detract from the building's beauty. There is a wide and expanding variety of materials to side with, both natural and artificial, ...

Stucco - WikipediaFollowing World War II, the introduction of metal wire mesh, or netting, replaced the use of wood lath. Galvanizing the wire made it corrosion resistant and suitable for exterior wall applications. At the beginning of the 21st century, this "traditional" method of wire mesh lath and three coats of exterior plaster is still widely used. In some parts of the United States (California, Nevada, Arizona, new Mexico and Florida), stucco is the predominant exterior for both residential and commercial ...

Framing (construction) - WikipediaWall framing in house construction includes the vertical and horizontal members of exterio

Defensive wall - WikipediaTherefore, new, star forts with numerous cannons and thick earth walls reinforced by stone were built. These could resist cannon fire for prolonged periods of time. However, these massive fortifications severely limited the growth of the cities, as it was much more difficult to move them as compared to the simple walls previously employed to make matters worse, it was forbidden to build "outside the city gates" for strategic reasons and the cities became more and more densely ...

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